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Scholar urges Trump to study Haiti’s history

Friday, January 12, 2018

LAWRENCE — On the eighth anniversary of an earthquake that killed more than 200,000 people and destroyed much of Haiti’s infrastructure, the world is reacting to President Donald Trump’s description in a meeting with congressional leaders Jan. 11 of the island nation – and other majority-black countries – as “shitholes.”

Cécile Accilien, director of the Institute of Haitian Studies and associate professor of African & African-American studies at the University of Kansas, joined the chorus of condemnation and urged the president to learn some of the history that affects Haiti today.

“As a Haitian-American scholar who is very aware of Haiti’s contributions and long historical connection to the United States, I am appalled by this ignorant statement,” Accilien said. She noted that just last month another story came out, alleging the president stated in a meeting earlier this year that Haitians “all have AIDS.”

Accilien urges Trump to remember that:

1. Haiti was the world’s first black republic and the second independent nation in the Western Hemisphere after the United States. Its slave revolution, she notes, was so influential that the United States waited nearly 50 years to recognize Haiti’s 1804 independence, fearing a contagion that would inspire American slaves to rise up to an even greater degree.

2. Several hundred Haitians fought on the side of American revolutionaries in 1779 at the Battle of Savannah (Georgia). A statue was erected in 2010 in downtown Savannah, commemorating the event.

3. In 1803, because Napoleon lost Haiti (then known as Saint-Domingue) due to the courageous fight of its people, the Louisiana Purchase happened. “Do you know what that meant for the United States, Mr. President?” Accilien said. “The United States expanded its territory by over 50 million acres, including all or parts of the states of Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Louisiana, New Mexico, Texas, Wyoming, Montana and Colorado.”

4. For 19 years (1915-1934), the United States occupied Haiti, completely controlled the country and rewrote its constitution to benefit American economic interests. “Mr. President,” Accilien said, “do you realize that the U.S. has a lot to do with the current state of affairs in that ‘shithole’ country?”

Accilien noted the irony of Trump’s “racist and ignorant statement” coming out on the eve of the holiday weekend honoring civil rights icon Martin Luther King Jr.

“I wonder what King would think about this attack on social justice, democracy and true human values,” Accilien said. “I am appalled and angry.”

To schedule an interview with Cecile Accilien, contact KU News Service Public Affairs Officer Rick Hellman, 785-864-8852 or rick_hellman@ku.edu.


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